Supply Chain Management Biskuit Kaleng

Diatas Merupakan Supply Chain Management sederhana Pada Perusahaan Biskuit kaleng menurut analisis saya.

Awal nya terdapat pada supplier dari bahan mentah lalu dijadikan biskuit pada pabrik biskuit dan didistribusikan pada supermarket yang akhirnya didapat oleh konsumen

note: klik gambar untuk melihat dengan jelas

Supply Chain Management Pada Industrial Engineering


Texas A&M's Industrial Engineering Program is one of the finest, largest and most highly regarded in the nation. It is consistently ranked among the top 6 or 7 Industrial Engineering departments in the nation. There are strong teaching and research programs in manufacturing and production systems, operations research, applied probability and statistics, systems simulation and transportation systems. Faculty represent diverse backgrounds and areas of expertise, they share a common interest in industrial engineering research and education. They are nationally recognized for their contributions in research and their service to the profession. Several are fellows in the Institute of Industrial Engineers; others are fellows in the American Society for Quality, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, the International Society of Logistics, and the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. Two are members of the National Academy of Engineering.


To compete successfully in today's market place, companies need to manage effectively and efficiently the activities of design, manufacturing, distribution, service and recycling of their products and services to their customers. Supply chain management deals with the management of materials, information and financial flows in a network consisting of suppliers, manufacturers, distributors, and customers. The coordination and integration of these flows within and across companies are critical in effective supply chain management.

It is important that the information, material and financial flows are coordinated effectively in a supply chain. Material flows involve both physical product flows from suppliers to customers through the chain, as well as the reverse flows via product returns, servicing, recycling and disposal. Information flows involve order transmission and delivery status. Financial flows involve credit terms, payment schedules, and consignment and title ownership arrangements. These flows cut across multiple organizations within a company as well as across companies and industries. In the last few years, the coordination and integration of these flows have attracted significant interest on the part of researchers, management, consultants and practitioners in academia and industry.

Due to the recent trends of vertical disintegration, international procurements, new information technologies and increasing pressure from customers on responsiveness and reliability, and the globalization of operations and markets, supply chain management has become at once a challenge and an opportunity. Indeed, many companies have now viewed supply chain management as the core of their business strategy.


Open Service Gateway initiative (OSGi)

The OSGi Alliance (formerly known as the Open Services Gateway initiative, now an obsolete name) is an open standards organization founded in March 1999. The Alliance and its members have specified a Java-based service platform that can be remotely managed. The core part of the specifications is a framework that defines an application life cycle management model, a service registry, an Execution environment and Modules. Based on this framework, a large number of OSGi Layers, APIs, and Services have been defined.

OSGi Framework Scope
Classification: OSGi & System-Layering

The OSGi framework is a module system for Java that implements a complete and dynamic component model, something that does not exist in standalone Java/VM environments. Applications or components (coming in the form of bundles for deployment) can be remotely installed, started, stopped, updated and uninstalled without requiring a reboot; management of Java packages/classes is specified in great detail. Life cycle management is done via APIs which allow for remote downloading of management policies. The service registry allows bundles to detect the addition of new services, or the removal of services, and adapt accordingly.

The original focus was on service gateways but the applicability turned out to be much wider. The OSGi specifications are now used in applications ranging from mobile phones to the open source Eclipse IDE. Other application areas include automobiles, industrial automation, building automation, PDAs, grid computing, entertainment (e.g. iPronto), fleet management and application servers.
[edit] Specification Process

The OSGi specification is developed by the members in an open process and made available to the public free of charge under the OSGi Specification License [1]. The OSGi Alliance has a compliance program that is open to members only. As of October 2009, the list of certified OSGi implementations contains five entries.
[edit] Architecture
OSGi Service Gateway Architecture

Any framework that implements the OSGi standard provides an environment for the modularization of applications into smaller bundles. Each bundle is a tightly-coupled, dynamically loadable collection of classes, jars, and configuration files that explicitly declare their external dependencies (if any).

The framework is conceptually divided into the following areas:

Bundles are normal jar components with extra manifest headers.
The services layer connects bundles in a dynamic way by offering a publish-find-bind model for plain old Java objects (POJO).
Services Registry
The API for management services (ServiceRegistration, ServiceTracker and ServiceReference).
The API for life cycle management for (install, start, stop, update, and uninstall) bundles.
The layer that defines encapsulation and declaration of dependencies (how a bundle can import and export code).
The layer that handles the security aspects by limiting bundle functionality to pre-defined capabilities.
Execution Environment
Defines what methods and classes are available in a specific platform. There is no fixed list of execution environments, since it is subject to change as the Java Community Process creates new versions and editions of Java. However, the following set is currently supported by most OSGi implementations:

* CDC-1.0/Foundation-1.0
* CDC-1.1/Foundation-1.1
* OSGi/Minimum-1.0
* OSGi/Minimum-1.1
* JRE-1.1
* From J2SE-1.2 up to J2SE-1.6

Projects Using OSGi

* Apache Sling - OSGi-based applications layer for JCR content repositories
* Business Intelligence and Reporting Tools (BIRT) Project - Open source reporting engine
* DataNucleus - open source data services and persistence platform in service oriented architectures
* EasyBeans - open source EJB 3 container
* Eclipse - open source IDE and rich client platform
* GlassFish (v3) - application server for J2EE
* FUSE ESB - a productized and supported release of ServiceMix 4.
* GX WebManager Community Edition - An Enterprise Web Content Management System based on OSGi, spring and JCR
* JBoss - Red Hat's JBoss Application Server
* JOnAS 5 - open source Java EE 5 application server
* Nuxeo - open source ECM Service Platform
* OpenEJB - open source OSGi-enabled EJB 3.0 container that can be run both in standalone or embedded mode
* Weblogic - Oracle Weblogic Application Server
* WebSphere - IBM Websphere JEE Application Server


Pengantar Telematika

Pengertian dan Sejarah Telematika

Telekomunikasi mempunyai pengertian sebagai teknik pengiriman pesan, dari suatu tempat ke tempat lain, dan biasanya berlangsung secara dua arah. 'Telekomunikasi' mencakup semua bentuk komunikasi jarak jauh, termasuk radio, telegraf/ telex, televisi, telepon, fax, dan komunikasi data melalui jaringan komputer. Sedangkan pengertian Informatika) mencakup struktur, sifat, dan interaksi dari beberapa sistem yang dipakai untuk mengumpulkan data, memproses dan menyimpan hasil pemrosesan data, serta menampilkannya dalam bentuk informasi.

Istilah telematika yang berasal dari kata dalam bahasa Perancis telematique merupakan gabungan dua kata: telekomunikasi dan informatika. Jadi pengertian Telematika sendiri lebih mengacu kepada industri yang berhubungan dengan penggunakan komputer dalam sistem telekomunikasi. Yang termasuk dalam telematika ini adalah layanan dial up ke Internet maupun semua jenis jaringan yang didasarkan pada sistem telekomunikasi untuk mengirimkan data. Internet sendiri merupakan salah satu contoh telematika.

Para praktisi menyatakan bahwa TELEMATICS adalah singkatan dari TELECOMMUNICATION and INFORMATICS sebagai wujud dari perpaduan konsep Computing and Communication. Istilah Telematics juga dikenal sebagai {the new hybrid technology} yang lahir karena perkembangan teknologi digital. Perkembangan ini memicu perkembangan teknologi telekomunikasi dan informatika menjadi semakin terpadu atau populer dengan istilah konvergensi. Semula Media masih belum menjadi bagian integral dari isu konvergensi teknologi informasi dan komunikasi pada saat itu.

Belakangan baru disadari bahwa penggunaan sistem komputer dan sistem komunikasi ternyata juga menghadirkan Media Komunikasi baru. Lebih jauh lagi istilah TELEMATIKA kemudian merujuk pada perkembangan konvergensi antara teknologi TELEKOMUNIKASI, MEDIA dan INFORMATIKA yang semula masing-masing berkembang secara terpisah. Konvergensi TELEMATIKA kemudian dipahami sebagai sistem elektronik berbasiskan teknologi digital atau {the Net}. Dalam perkembangannya istilah Media dalam TELEMATIKA berkembang menjadi wacana MULTIMEDIA. Hal ini sedikit membingungkan masyarakat, karena istilah Multimedia semula hanya merujuk pada kemampuan sistem komputer untuk mengolah informasi dalam berbagai medium. Adalah suatu ambiguitas jika istilah TELEMATIKA dipahami sebagai akronim Telekomunikasi, Multimedia dan Informatika. DIsini merupakan tulisan Recca.. or Nur Akbar Dibyohusodo (hehehe..25x) Secara garis besar istilah Teknologi Informasi (TI), TELEMATIKA, MULTIMEDIA, maupun Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) mungkin tidak jauh berbeda maknanya, namun sebagai definisi sangat tergantung kepada lingkup dan sudut pandang pengkajiannya.

Menurut Wikipedia, istilah telematika ini sering dipakai untuk beberapa macam bidang, sebagai contoh adalah:

* Integrasi antara sistem telekomunikasi dan informatika yang dikenal sebagai Teknologi Komunikasi dan Informatika atau ICT (Information and Communications Technology). Secara lebih spesifik, ICT merupakan ilmu yang berkaitan dengan pengiriman, penerimaan dan penyimpanan informasi dengan menggunakan peralatan telekomunikasi.
* Secara umum, istilah telematika dipakai juga untuk teknologi Sistem Navigasi/Penempatan Global atau GPS (Global Positioning System) sebagai bagian integral dari komputer dan teknologi komunikasi berpindah (mobile communication technology).
* Secara lebih spesifik, istilah telematika dipakai untuk bidang kendaraan dan lalulintas (road vehicles dan vehicle telematics)

Di Indonesia, pengaturan dan pelaksanaan mengenai berbagai bidang usaha yang bergerak di sektor telematika diatur oleh Direktorat Jenderal Aplikasi Telematika. Fungsi Departemen di bidang Aplikasi Telematika yang berada di bawah dan bertanggungjawab kepada Menteri Komunikasi dan Informatika Republik Indonesia. Fungsinya meliputi:

* Penyiapan perumusan kebijakan di bidang e-government, e-business, perangkat lunak dan konten, pemberdayaan telematika serta standardisasi dan audit aplikasi telematika;
* Pelaksanaan kebijakan di bidang e-government, e-business, perangkat lunak dan konten, pemberdayaan telematika serta standardisasi dan audit aplikasi telematika;
* Perumusan dan pelaksanaan kebijakan kelembagaan internasional di bidang e-government, e-business, perangkat lunak dan konten, pemberdayaan telematika serta standardisasi dan audit aplikasi telematika;
* Penyusunan standar, norma, pedoman, kriteria, dan prosedur di bidang e-government, e-business, perangkat lunak dan konten, pemberdayaan telematika serta standardisasi dan audit aplikasi telematika;
* Pembangunan, pengelolaan dan pengembangan infrastruktur dan manajemen aplikasi sistem informasi pemerintahan pusat dan daerah;
* Pemberian bimbingan teknis dan evaluasi;
* Pelaksanaan administrasi Direktorat Jenderal Aplikasi Telematika.

sumber :

Video Pengembangan Sistem

Analisis tentang Video ini:

Video ini menjelaskan tentang pengembangan sebuah sistem informasi terutama sistem database.
Sekarang lebih banyaknya pengggunaan internet via mobile membuat para vendor maupun perusahaan menggunakan komunikasi via mobile, termasuk dalam video ini.
video ini menjelaskan penggunaan informasi yang real time,jadi pada saat itu juga data dikirim ke server database dan para pengguna via mobile dapat menerima informasi tanpa harus didepan komputer

Video Tentang Pengembangan Sistem

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